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Pigment discolorations are pigmentation abnormalities in the skin that can manifest themselves in a dark or light discoloration of you normal skin color. A dark discoloration of the skin is called hyperpigmentation, where pigment has accumulated in the skin. Pigment spots come in all shapes and sizes and many people are known with them.
Types of pigmentation spots
At Huidzorg Delft we treat superficial and deeper (last two of this list) pigmentation spots.
Poikiloderma from Civatte
Also known as the solar neck. The sides of the neck present red-brownish discoloration. Poikiloderma from civatte is a combination of dilated vessels and pigment discoloration.
These benign light brown to dark brown spots are more common in people with a light skin type. It is an accumulation of pigment in the top layer of the skin. Freckles often develop at a young age, as soon as the skin is exposed to sunlight. Over time, the sun can cause more freckles.
These spots are the result of excessive exposure to the sun. This is the reason they are usually located on the face, cleavage and your hands.
Post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation (PIH)
After small wounds or inflammations of, for example, acne, red to brown discoloration may remain. PIH usually occurs in people with darker skin types, who have (had) acne. PIH spots are colored light to dark brown whenever they are superficial. In case the PIH is located deeper, the color tends more towards gray-brown.
Are even spots, which have the same color as coffee with milk. They are completely harmless and are present from birth. As a child grows, the pigmentation spot can grow with it and become darker. It occurs in 10 to 20 percent of the population. Café-au-lait spots have an oval shape and are sharply bordered
Melasma is also known as a pregnancy mask. Melasma has a hormonal cause. The spots often develop gradually through a combination of sunlight and a change in hormones, such as contraception use and going through pregnancy. The brown discoloration mainly occurs on the forehead, upper lip or cheekbones.
Originate Pigment discoloration can have various causes. For example, because of (unprotected) exposure to the sun. Or simply, due to skin aging, hormonal fluctuations or skin damage. In addition, pigment discoloration can be congenital.
Superficial or deep layered A pigmentation spot can be located in different layers of the skin. There are superficial pigment spots, which are often colored (dark) brown. Deep pigment is also called dermal pigment. Dermal pigment often has a light brown color, where sometimes greyish color tones are present. The achieved treatment result and chosen treatment method depend on the depth of the pigmentation spots.
Camouflage whether the pigmentation spot can be removed completely, depends on the type. In case the pigmentation spot does not react to treatment or you are not satisfied with the result, camouflaging the skin is also an option. At Huidzorg Delft we can help you finding suitable camouflage products.
Treatment At Huidzorg Delft there are various treatments for pigmentation spots. The skin therapist of Huidzorg Delft will assess your skin during the firs consultation. Then, the tailor-made treatment plan is discussed. The treatment can consist of the treatments mentioned below or a combination of these. The pigmentation spots can become lighter or be removed by using: